McLAREN, Samuel Bruce (1876-1916)

McLAREN, Samuel Bruce (1876-1916)
son of Samuel Gilfillan McLaren, was born at Tokyo, Japan, where his father was a missionary, on 16 August 1876. His father came to Australia in 1885, and in 1889 was appointed principal of the Presbyterian ladies' college, Melbourne. His son was educated at Brighton grammar school and Scotch College, Melbourne, where he was dux in mathematics in 1893 and gained a scholarship at Ormond College, university of Melbourne. He qualified for the B.A. degree at the end of 1896 with first class final honours, and the final honours and Wyselaskie scholarships in mathematics. He also shared the Dixon scholarship in natural philosophy. Proceeding to England in 1897 he entered Trinity College, Cambridge, was elected into a major scholarship in 1899, and was third wrangler in the same year. Taking part 2 of the mathematical tripos in his third year he was placed in the second division of the first class. He was awarded an Isaac Newton studentship in 1901, and graduated M.A. in 1905. He had been appointed lecturer in mathematics at University College, Bristol, in the previous year, and in 1906 obtained a similar position at the university of Birmingham. Between 1911 and 1913 he wrote some important papers on radiation which were published in the Philosophical Magazine, and he presented some of the more fundamental parts of his work to the mathematical congress at Cambridge in 1912. J. W. Nicholson, professor of mathematics in the university of London, writing in 1918 said McLaren "undoubtedly anticipated Einstein and Abraham in their suggestion of a variable velocity of light, with the consequent expressions for the energy and momentum of the gravitational field". In 1913 he was made professor of mathematics at Reading, and took much interest in the development of the young university. In this year he shared the Adams prize of the university of Cambridge. In 1914 he visited Australia with other members of the British Association for the Advancement of Science, and met his parents again. War broke out while he was in Australia, and on his return to England he enlisted and was given a commission as lieutenant in the royal engineers. He did valuable work in charge of signalling and electrical communications, but on 26 July 1916 was shot while endeavouring to clear a pit of bombs threatened by an adjacent fire. He tried to continue this work, but was hit again, and died of his wounds in hospital on 13 August 1916. He was unmarried.
McLaren was a man of much force of character, modesty, and courage. His death and that of H. G. J. Moseley were spoken of as perhaps the two most irreparable losses to British science caused by the 1914-18 war. A volume of his Scientific Papers Mainly on Electrodynamics and Natural Radiation was published by the Cambridge University Press in 1925.
The Scotch Collegian, December 1916; J. W. Nicholson, Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, 1918, reprinted with "a personal appreciation" by Hugh Walker in McLaren's Scientific Papers.

Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. . 1949.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Samuel McLaren — Samuel Bruce McLaren (16 August 1876 – 13 August 1916) was an Australian mathematician.Early lifeMcLaren was born in Yedo, near Tokyo, Japan where his father, Samuel Gilfillan McLaren, was a missionary. His mother was Marjory Millar, née… …   Wikipedia

  • McLaren (surname) — McLaren is a surname, and may refer to: Alan McLaren (born 1971), Scottish footballer Andy McLaren Angus McLaren (born 1988), Australian actor Anne McLaren Bill McLaren Billy McLaren (born 1948), Scottish football player Brandon Jay McLaren Brian …   Wikipedia

  • List of mayors of Hamilton, Ontario — Colin Campbell Ferrie 1847 George Sylvester Tiffany 1848 William L. Distin 1849 John Fisher 1850 John Rose Holden 1851 Nehemiah Ford 1852 William G. Kerr 1853 James Cummings 3 months in 1854 Charles Magill 9 months in 1854 1855 James Cummings… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste Des Membres De L'Académie Royale Des Arts Du Canada — Cette liste présente les membres de l Académie royale des arts du Canada par ordre alphabétique. L année indique l année de naissance. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Liste des membres de l'Académie royale des arts du Canada — Cette liste présente les membres de l Académie royale des arts du Canada par ordre alphabétique. L année indique l année de naissance. Sommaire : Haut A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • List of Australian poets — The poets listed below were either citizens or residents of Australia and published the bulk of their poetry whilst living there.A B*Arthur Henry Adams (1872–1936) *Robert Adamson (born 1944) *Adam Aitken (born 1960) [cite web title = Adam Aitken …   Wikipedia

  • Liste der kanadischen Senatoren aus Ontario — Die Liste der Senatoren Kanadas aus Ontario zeigt alle ehemaligen und aktuellen Mitglieder des kanadischen Senats aus der Provinz Ontario. Die Provinz wird durch 24 Senatoren vertreten. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Amtierende Senatoren 2 Ehemalige… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Cornish Australian — Cornish Australians Ostralyon Kernow …   Wikipedia

  • List of British artists — A partial list of artists active in Britain, arranged chronologically (but alphabetically within any year).Born before 1700*Francis Barlow (1626? ndash;1704) English painter, etcher, and illustrator *Samuel Cooper (c.1608 ndash;1672) English… …   Wikipedia

  • Liste von Geologen — Die Liste von Geologen enthält ein alphabetisch geordnetes Verzeichnis berühmter oder herausragender Geologen oder Geowissenschaftler. Viele darunter haben Auszeichnungen wie die Gustav Steinmann Medaille, die Penrose Medaille oder die Wollaston… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.